- The end of the Civil War in 1865 set the stage for accelerated industrialization of the United States with the North joined by the South and West. The heart of the Second Industrial Revolution was the North where the majority of native-born Americans and immigrants worked in factories. Reconstruction in the South, westward settlements of white and black Americans in the West, and Americanization of some Native Americans incorporated the South and West into the industrializing nation. This rapid industrialization mobilized heretofore marginalized groups such as farmers and workers as well as middle-class reformers in their organized movements to address the social and cultural ills and changes brought by the industrialization. During this period, America also witnessed domestic and international struggles to adjust boundaries of freedom, liberty, and pursuit of happiness by becoming an imperial nation, solidifying racial segregation at home, and waging culture wars against what many native-born Americans viewed as foreign elements in the United States.
- The reading of the narrative textbook (GML) with chapter quiz and video lectures will introduce students to the key concepts, descriptions of peoples, ideas, and movements, and in-depth knowledge of historical events. The discussion textbook (TTP) and supplementary document or video will encourage students to evaluate primary sources as well as historians' arguments.
- Develop students' own opinions about historical events, taking into account such determining factors as motivation, causation, and interpretation.
- Develop historical research and writing skills such as critical thinking, writing proficiency, and verbal literacy.
- Identify several large-scale transformations in the nation's social, political, and cultural history as the nation became industrialized.
- Develop understanding of the diverse experiences of social groups of different ethnicity, races, and genders.