If the current involvement of Western nations in China continue, "it will not be long before she loses her identity as the 'Central Nation. . . . Confucianism will be undermined ans eventually destroyed . . . . The universe as we know it may end soon." (Yu Yue)
"The foundation of a nation lies in the virtues she possesses," rather than in technology; no nation "has ever become strong by relying on achievement in technology" (Woren).
“What we then have to learn from the barbarians is only one thing, solid ship and effective guns” (Feng Guifen)
"After several decades foreigners will arrive and then they will gradually build railroads and develop [natural resources] for us. . . . Then both the ownership and the profits will fall into the hands of foreigners and China will have nothing to depend upon" (Guo Songtao)
"From the beginning of England's rise [following the Industrial Revolution], it has been only several decades; while China was weak and declining, they covered a distance of 70,000 li in the wink of an eye. . . . Chinese scholars and officials are presumptuous in their santuary and are trying to obstruct changes of the universe; they can never succeed" (Guo Songtao)